Genetic Engineering is an undergraduate/postgraduate degree course which is the study of genes and the science of heridity. Genetic engineers or geneticists study to the gene level of living organisms from human being to bacteria.when comparing to the other fields of engineering, genetic engineering is less popular among students and parents. Those who are aware of this are even sceptical about the career prospects of the course. Here we discuss genetic engineering course available in top engineering colleges in India to clear out all the misconceptions that both students and parents have in mind.
Genetic engineering is combining two disciplines - the concepts of Biology and Engineering. The course is simply the study of animal and plant genes. It combines the technology of engineering to recombine DNA of different species, experiments on genes, manipulate, rearrange and redesign, etc.
Research, agriculture, industrial biotechnology and medicine are some of the areas which make use of applications of genetic engineering. The course directs a student to study the methods which traits and characteristics of an organism are being transmitted through generations. Many of the vaccines, genetically modified crops, long-lasting vegetables etc. are the results of genetic engineering research done on it by many renowned scientists from around the world.
How to Join
One who wants to join BTech Genetic Engineering should pass the qualifying examination with an aggregate score of 50% in physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. After completing the same, the student has to appear for the Joint Entrance Exam Main (JEE - Main) to get admission into one of the top college or universities in India.
Most of the engineering colleges in India offer admission to students based on the JEE Main examination. It is a national level entrance examination done by the National Testing Agency (NTA) in India.
All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) is the national level apex authority responsible for the regulation and control of all engineering colleges and courses available in India. AICTE is the statutory authority responsible for proper planning and coordination on the development of the technical education system in India.
Career Prospects of Genetic Engineers
After successfully completing the course form a reputed college, you can work mainly in medical and pharmaceutical industries, research and development departments, agricultural sector, genetic engineering organisations, chemical firms etc. Whether in the public or private sector, a genetic engineer is a highly reputed job and can expect a fair pay package.
The demand for genetic engineers is growing day-by-day around the world with the increase in the number of biotech firms. Graduates in this field can opt to enter into the teaching field as well. Many of the top engineering colleges in India are looking for qualified professionals in this field.
If you choose to become a genetic engineering research scientist, you need to pursue a doctoral degree in biological science. This will land in jobs like project leader or administrator of an entire research project etc.